1. III
punish smb. punish a disobedient child (a pupil, the culprit, etc.) наказывать непослушного ребенка и т.д.; punish a traitor (a criminal, a deserter, an offender, etc.) карать предателя и т.д.; punish smth. punish a crime (an offence, a forgery, negligence, insolence, misdemeanour, etc.) наказывать /карать/ за преступление и т.д.
2. IV
punish smb. in some manner punish smb. severely (cruelly, justly, unjustly, nominally, etc.) сурово и т.д. наказывать кого-л.; punish children corporally применять к детям телесное наказание; punish the thief ignominiously подвергнуть вора унизительному наказанию
3. XI
be punished in some manner be properly (duly, heavily, deservedly, etc.) punished быть должным образом и т.д. наказанным; he's been punished enough now он уже достаточно наказан; be punished by smb., smth. the enemy was severely punished by our machine-guns (by our soldiers, by the cavalry, etc.) огонь наших пулеметов и т.д. нанес большей урон противнику; be punished for smth. be punished for negligence (for misbehaviour, for forgery, etc.) понести наказание /быть наказанным/ за халатность и т.д.; be punished with smth. be punished with death (with imprisonment, with exile, etc.) караться смертью и т.д.; such infringement of the law shall be punished with a fine за такое нарушение закона взимается штраф; be punished for doing smth. be punished for being late (for lying, for having stolen the money, etc.) понести наказание за опоздание и т.д.
4. XXI1
punish smb. for smth. punish smb. for his carelessness (for her weakness, for their rashness, for impudence, for deceitfulness, etc.) наказывать кого-л. за его небрежность и т.д.; punish smb. for a crime (for high treason, for one's sins, etc.) карать кого-л. за преступление и т.д.; punish smb., smth. with /by/ smth. punish smb. with /by/ fines (with /by/ imprisonment, by arrest, etc.) приговаривать кого-л. к штрафу и т.д.; punish murder with death (forgery with imprisonment, minor offences with fines, etc.) карать убийство и т.д. смертью и т.д., выносить за убийство и т.д. смертный приговор и т.д.
punish smb. for doing smth. punish smb. for telling lies (for stealing, etc.) наказывать кого-л. за вранье и т.д.; punish smb. by doing smth. punish a boy by not allowing him to go to the match (by keeping him at home, etc.) наказать мальчика и не пустить его на матч и т.д.

English-Russian dictionary of verb phrases. 2013.

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Смотреть что такое "punish" в других словарях:

  • punish — [pun′ish] vt. [ME punischen < extended stem of OFr punir < L punire, to punish < poena, punishment, penalty: see PENAL] 1. to cause to undergo pain, loss, or suffering for a crime or wrongdoing 2. to impose a penalty on a wrongdoer for… …   English World dictionary

  • Punish — Pun ish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Punished}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Punishing}.] [OE. punischen, F. punir, from L. punire, punitum, akin to poena punishment, penalty. See {Pain}, and { ish}.] 1. To impose a penalty upon; to afflict with pain, loss, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • punish — pun·ish / pə nish/ vt 1: to impose a penalty on for a fault, offense, or violation 2: to inflict a penalty for the commission of (an offense) in retribution or retaliation or as a deterrent vi: to inflict punishment pun·ish·abil·i·ty /ˌpə ni shə… …   Law dictionary

  • punish — punish, chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct mean to inflict pain, loss, or suffering upon a person for his sin, crime, or fault. Punish implies imposing a penalty for violation of law, disobedience of authority, or intentional… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • punish — mid 14c., from O.Fr. puniss , extended prp. stem of punir to punish, from L. punire inflict a penalty on, cause pain for some offense, earlier poenire, from poena penalty, punishment (see PENAL (Cf. penal)). Colloquial meaning to inflict heavy… …   Etymology dictionary

  • punish — [v] penalize for wrongdoing abuse, attend to, batter, beat, beat up, blacklist, castigate, chasten, chastise, correct, crack down on*, cuff, debar, defrock, discipline, dismiss, do in, execute, exile, expel, fine, flog, give a going over*, give… …   New thesaurus

  • punish — ► VERB 1) impose a penalty on (someone) for an offence. 2) impose a penalty on someone for (an offence). 3) treat harshly or unfairly. DERIVATIVES punishable adjective. ORIGIN Latin punire, from poena penalty …   English terms dictionary

  • punish — pun|ish [ˈpʌnıʃ] v [T] [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: punir, from Latin punire, from poena; PAIN1] 1.) to make someone suffer because they have done something wrong or broken the law →↑punishment, punitive ↑punitive ▪ Smacking is not an… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • punish — [[t]pʌ̱nɪʃ[/t]] punishes, punishing, punished 1) VERB To punish someone means to make them suffer in some way because they have done something wrong. [V n] I don t believe that George ever had to punish the children... [V n] According to present… …   English dictionary

  • punish — punisher, n. /pun ish/, v.t. 1. to subject to pain, loss, confinement, death, etc., as a penalty for some offense, transgression, or fault: to punish a criminal. 2. to inflict a penalty for (an offense, fault, etc.): to punish theft. 3. to handle …   Universalium

  • punish */*/ — UK [ˈpʌnɪʃ] / US verb [transitive, often passive] Word forms punish : present tense I/you/we/they punish he/she/it punishes present participle punishing past tense punished past participle punished to make someone suffer because they have done… …   English dictionary

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